The standard North American test for furniture that is intended for use in healthcare institutions is BIFMA 5.4X-2012. This test employs many different procedures to various parts of the chair, including the back, arms, and seat. Typical test loads are applied dynamically, that is, a weight is dropped on the chair from 3 – 6”, rather than as a static load, which simply means a dead weight is placed on the chair. A chair can ultimately withstand a higher static load compared to one that is dropped.
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